Nat. Lee supposes it to be "mastich". Balm of Gilead is also very helpful for various skin conditions. , In the Hebrew Bible, the balm of Gilead is tsori or tseri (צֳרִי or צְרִי). 100% pure, all-natural, sustainable, & aromatically enchanting. Latin authors use balsamum (Tacitus, Pliny, Florus, Scribonius Largus, Celsus, Columella, Martialis) for the balsam tree and its branches or sprigs, as well as for its resin, opobalsamum (Pliny, Celsus, Scribonius Largus, Martialis, Statius, Juvenal) for the resinous juice of the balsam tree, and xylobalsamum (Pliny, Scribonius Largus, Cornelius Celsus) for balsam wood, all derived from Greek. , Linnaeus distinguished two varieties: Amyris gileadensis L. (= Amyris opobalsamum Forsk. Infused for several weeks using low temperature heat.  The Greek ῥητίνη ξηρά is a species of Pinaceae Rich. Cottonwood buds, sometimes referred to as "Balm of Gilead" have been used medicinally for centuries and for good reason, and here is why: The buds contain a compound called salicin which makes it an excellent anti-inflammatory for aches and pains. I hadn’t, until about a year ago when the hubby told me about it.  Cancamon has been held for Commiphora kataf, but also as Aleurites laccifer (Euphorbiaceae), Ficus spec. Don’t take more than a third of the buds that you can reach. , The accepted name of the balsam plant is Commiphora gileadensis (L.) Christ., synonym Commiphora opobalsamum. As mentioned in this article, we don’t know the exact ingredients used in the balm, but many believed the balm included resin in the mixture. Then strain the oil through cheesecloth and return to the jar. Balm of Gilead Oil - infused cold pressed extra virgin olive oil, balm of Gilead buds (populous candicans), and vitamin E . That’s right, this time of year is perfect for making Balm of Gilead. , Ödmann and Rosenmüller thought that the pressed juice of the fruit of the zukum-tree (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) or the myrobalanus of the ancients, is the substance denoted; but Rosenmüller, in another place, mentioned the balsam of Mecca (Amyris opobalsamum L., now Commiphora gileadensis (L.) C.Chr.) Luther and the Swedish version have "salve", "ointment" in the passages in Jer., but in Ezek. By Pompey it was exhibited in the streets of Rome as one of the spoils of the newly conquered province, 65 B.C.E. I like to infuse it into coconut oil and use it also as a carrier oil with some of my favorite essential oils. , Balsam oil was too volatile and flammable to be used as fuel. 5:6); and the far-famed tree excited the cupidity of successive invaders. 26a). Then you have one of two options. The miracle power of … Balsam trees are native to the Gilead area. No doubt, Gilead contained a balm of herbs and spices that served as a healing ointment. 5b). , Greek authors use the words βάλσαμον (Theophrastus, Aristotle) for the balsam plant and its resin, while Galen, Nicander and the Geoponica consider it an aromatic herb, like mint. Balm of Gilead is rare which was worth twice its weight in silver or gold. , The German botanist Schweinfurth reconstructed the ancient process of balsam production. , Another Hebrew word, bosem (בֹּשֶׂם), Aramaic busema (ܒܣܡܐ), Arabic besham (بشام), appears in various forms throughout the Hebrew Bible. Balm of Gilead is traditionally used as a soothing balm for comforting minor discomforts Creations', Balm Of Gilead Salve, stands on quality and satisfaction you can count on! Still later, from an expression in Ezekiel 27:17, balm was one of the commodities which Hebrew merchants carried to the market of Tyre. , In the later days of Jewish history, the neighborhood of Jericho was believed to be the only spot where the true balsam grew, and even there its culture was confined to two gardens, the one twenty acres in extent, the other much smaller (Theophrastus). Humans gather the buds to be made into Balm of Gilead oil or salve, a balm with a long record of effective application for any kind of skin irritation, cuts, bruises, rashes and pimples. They trigger inflammation that can be seen on the surface of the skin with redness, blisters and swelling.  Bruce found the plant occurring in Abyssinia. Gesenius, Hebrew commentators (Kimchi, Junius, Tremellius, Deodatius), and the Authorized Version (except in Ezek. At the Balm Of Gilead Farm, we grow rare biblical plants and produce a wide range of products from them, including essential oils, incense, soaps, and more. Liber Ignium (Book of Fires), balsam was an ingredient of ancient incendiaries akin to Greek fire. , According to the 13th-century (?) , Bochart strongly contended that the balm mentioned in Jer. Some botanical scholars have concluded that the actual source was a terebinth tree in the genus Pistacia. Your email address will not be published. Poplar, also known as Cottonwood, buds contain salicin. Skin Protection. Fill half a mason jar with the buds. You might want to wear rubber gloves, and don’t plan on putting the buds in cloth. Nat. This Balm of Gilead Oil is hand made at our facility. 12:54), the balsam-tree was indigenous only to Judea, but known to Diodorus Siculus (3:46) as a product of Arabia also. After King Josiah hid away the "holy oil" with which the kings of Judah were anointed, balsam oil was used in its stead (Ker. In the messianic era, the righteous will "bathe in 13 rivers of balsam" (TJ, Av. , Many attempts have been made to identify the tsori, but none can be considered conclusive. R. 4:18; Shab. Balm of Gilead is very soothing, easing muscle spasms. Fill the jar almost to the top with olive oil. A forgotten quality of Balm of Gilead (and thus its name) is the medicinal properties of the the rosin that can be harvested from the buds. When my boys were babies, I often used it on their bottoms to prevent or heal diaper rash. Zukum oil was in very high esteem among the Arabs, who even preferred it to the balm of Mecca, as being more efficacious in wounds and bruises. I personally don’t own a double boiler, I always improvise. Balm is described from antiquity as being a “rare, fragrant and stimulating ointment”. At first it is whitish and pellucid, but afterwards it becomes harder and reddish. Has been used successfully for moles, skin malignancies, warts, liver detox, diabetes, internal malignancies, herpes, kills viruses on contact, yeast and fungal infections, allergies, parasites, and gum diseases.  Botanists enumerate sixteen balsamic plants of this genus, each exhibiting some peculiarity. This tree is the one responsible for the white floating “cotton balls” in the spring. The Balm of Gilead, is an aromatic resin used for medical purposes. 27:17, a gift in Gen. 43:11, and a medicament (for national disaster, in fig.) 26a). Raising Turkeys For a Natural, Self-Sufficient Lifestyle, Raising Chickens For A Natural, Self-Sufficient Lifestyle, So Much More Than Grass - Self Reliant Landscaping, Copyright © 2021 Homegrown Self Reliance Powered by Homegrown Self Reliance. Check out our balm of gilead salve selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our salves & balms shops. Often, a fever will kick in to help the body conquer the infection.  Rav Yehudah composed a special blessing for balsam: "Who creates the oil of our land" (Ber. , Sanskrit kunkuma (कुनकुम) is saffron (Crocus sativus).  Its Arabic name is abusham or basham, which is identical to the Hebrew bosem or beshem. Balm of Gilead Ointment is: Analgesic Anti-inflammatory Anti-bacterial Astringent Helps detoxify Helps heal coughs Balm of Gilead was a rare perfume used medicinally, that was mentioned in the Bible, and named for the region of Gilead, where it was produced. When you have collected enough buds to fill a small mason jar halfway, you are ready to make the infused oil. It is fantastic for an analgesic (pain relieving) rub for arthritis, sore muscles, achy joints, and even broken bones. Add infused oil. 8:22, 46:11, 51:8. The Use of Balms in the … Use more or less to obtain a harder or softer salve. I gave one jar away to my daughter’s sister-in-law for her son’s eczema. (Jer. In the Talmud, a case is cited of a woman planning and carrying out the murder of her daughter-in-law by telling her to adorn herself with balsam oil and then light the lamp (Shab. Just put the jar into a sauce pan with water that is nearly as high as the oil in the jar. Use the mason jar screw band and screw down a paper towel. 12:54; see Josephus, Ant. More recent naturalists (Lindley, Wight and Walker) have included the species Amyris gileadensis L. in the genus Protium. , The Christian rite of confirmation is conferred through the anointing with chrism, which is traditionally a blend of olive oil and balsam. Balm of Gilead is a type of medicinal salve made from the gum of the tree of the same name. 30:34, as an ingredient of the holy incense, is taken by Hebrew commentators for opobalsamum; this, however, is perhaps rather stacte.  According to I Kings 10:10, balsam (Hebrew: bosem) was among the many precious gifts of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon.  Young women used it as a perfume to seduce young men (Lam. 3:1, 42c). In the Hebrew Bible, the balm of Gilead is tsori or tseri (צֳרִי or צְרִי). It can help eczema, psoriasis, frostbite, burns, chapped skin, and even hemorrhoids. If you would like to try to make this amazing ointment, please make sure you have positively identified the tree. The Buds are used in ointments and skin treatments to reduce pain and inflammation, and to ease rheumatic pain. Prosper Alpinus relates that forty plants were brought by a governor of Cairo to the garden there, and ten remained when Belon travelled in Egypt, but only one existed in the 18th century. I would put the jar on a small ... Label the mason jar with the herb name and date it. Although a handful of different plants today share the common name balm-of-Gilead, the identity of the original healing herb of Gilead remains a mystery. 14.4.1; 15.4.2; War 1.6.6); and after the destruction of the state of Judea, these plantations formed a lucrative source of the Roman imperial revenue (see Diodorus Siculus 2:48). , Pliny distinguishes three different species of this plant; the first with thin, capillaceous leaves; the second a crooked scabrous shrub; and the third with smooth rind and of taller growth than the two former. The gum of the tree can be rendered down into ointment, oil, or salve, which can be used to treat anything from eczema to sunburn, frostbite, dry skin, sprains Keeps fresh and lasts longer. 9:6; Strabo 16:763; Pausanias 9.28.2).  The Biblical terebinth is Hebrew eloh (אֵלׇה), Pistacia terebinthus L., The Greek word ῥητίνη, used in the Septuagint for translating tsori, denotes a resin of the pine, especially Pinus maritima (πεύκη). An elder taught me about the wonderful “sticky buds” from the cottonwood tree. It is best to harvest them on a very cold day, to help with the stickiness. This description, which is not sufficiently characteristic of the plant itself, suits for the most part the Egyptian balsam-shrub found by Belon in a garden near Cairo. The Hebrew root z-r-h (צרה) means "run blood, bleed" (of vein), with cognates in Arabic (ﺿﺮﻭ, an odoriferous tree or its gum), Sabaean (צרו), Syriac (ܙܪܘܐ, possibly fructus pini), and Greek (στύραξ, in meaning). It’s even mentioned in the Bible, as it was believed to be a true cure-all. 27:17 they read "mastic". 12.44; 12.98). , The lexicographer Bar Seroshewai considered the Arabic dseru (ﺿﺮﻭ), a tree of Yemen known as kamkam (ﮐﻤﮑﺎﻡ) or kankam (ﮐﻨﮑﺎﻡ), Syriac qazqamun (ܩܙܩܡܘܢ), Greek κάγκαμον, Latin cancamum, mentioned by Dioscorides (De materia medica 1.32) and Pliny (Hist. You may want to keep some infused oil plain, and make an ointment out of the rest. Then they became public property, and were placed under the protection of an imperial guard; but history does not record how long the two plantations survived. FREE US SHIPPING ON ORDERS OF $35 AND MORE. Our Balm of Gilead Salve Ingredients are: Balsam sap resin, Rose of Sharon (Labdanum) from Israel, and Mint from Israel. Nat. Poplar buds contain natural salicin. , At present the tree Commiphora gileadensis grows wild in the valley of Mecca where it is called beshem. Poplars are huge trees with gray, deeply grooved bark. Balm of Gilead is also very helpful for various skin conditions. Impetigo is cla… They can grow up to 100 feet tall. Because it will be messy! They have really enjoyed the benefits. It helps heal cuts and scrapes, and is helpful for arthritis and sore muscles. , In the Talmud, balsam appears as an ointment which was a highly praised product of the Jericho plain (Shab.  The Aramaic tserua (ܨܪܘܐ) has been described as the fruit of Pinus pinea L., but it has also been held for stacte or storax. Do you know of other herbs that can be harvested in winter? If you can find a downed branch (which is pretty common with Poplar), be sure to harvest as many buds as you can. However, its main use was medicinal rather than cosmetic. The hemp butter will melt in warmer weather, but it does not harm the salve. Cover. Traditionally Balm of Gilead was used as a treatment for inflammation and superficial skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, sunburn, rashes, insect bites and chapped skin. Otherwise, please use ethical foraging practices. Stir or shake occasionally, making sure the buds are fully immersed in the oil to prevent mold. Skin can be infected in many ways but the most common bacterial infections are caused by Gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus (AKA Staph) and Streptococcus (AKA strep). Balm of Gilead has many claims to be antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and also work as a pain reliever. At Carpenter’s Herbal, we slowly infuse Balm of Gilead buds in oil to create our pain-relieving salves. The leaves, however, more closely resemble those of the rue, and the plant is an evergreen. 8.6.6). , https://www.sefaria.org.il/Berakhot.43a.17?lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Balm_of_Gilead&oldid=996307168, Articles containing Sabaean-language text, Articles containing Aramaic-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 19:57. Identifying the Poplar, or Cottonwood tree orange-brown resin. Hasselquist and Pococke found them especially in the environs of Jericho.  In the 19th century it was discovered in the East Indies also. The Septuagint has ῥητίνη, "pine resin". Stir and allow beeswax to melt again if necessary. Its height does not exceed two cubits.  The Hebrew root z-r-h (צרה) means "run blood, bleed" (of vein), with cognates in Arabic (ﺿﺮﻭ, an odoriferous tree or its gum), Sabaean (צרו), Syriac (ܙܪܘܐ, possibly fructus pini), and Greek (στύραξ, in meaning). In Genesis 37:25, as Joseph’s brothers contemplated how to kill him, a caravan of Ishmaelites passed by on their way to Egypt from Gilead. Benefits of Balm of Gilead Oil Skin Health. It is a merchandise in Gen. 37:28 and Ez. It … Remember, these buds become leaves, so you don’t want to harm the tree by harvesting too much. Balm of Gilead is a salve made from the buds of the Poplar, or Cottonwood tree. I actually made mine in old baby food jars. Wound Healing. The plant, however, is not indigenous to Egypt, but the layers are brought there from Arabia Felix; Prosperus Alpinus has published a plate of it. There may also be yellow crusted areas on the wound or inflamed tissue. Warm this pan over medium-low heat and allow to simmer for an hour. She said it has really helped heal his sores. , Dioscorides (De materia medica) attributes many medical properties to balsam, such as expelling menstrual flow; being an abortifacient; moving the urine; assisting breathing and conception; being an antidote for aconitum and snakebite; treating pleurisy, pneumonia, cough, sciatica, epilepsy, vertigo, asthma, and gripes. But what is this romantic, regal-sounding thing? , Besides the tseri, another Hebrew word, nataph (נׇטׇפ), mentioned in Ex. To prepare Balm of Gilead oil: Place 1 part unwashed buds and 2 parts olive oil in a jar and put the jar in a double boiler and heat, keep the water just below the boiling point, steep the buds for about 1 hour.  βαλσαμίνη (Dioscorides) is the balsam plant. Pour olive oil to the top.  Related are ξῠλο-βάλσᾰμον (Dioscorides, Strabo) "balsam-wood", and καρπο-βάλσᾰμον (Galen) "the fruit of the balsam".. Wanna chat? , The balsam, carried originally, says Arab tradition, from Yemen by the Queen of Sheba, as a gift to Solomon, and planted by him in the gardens of Jericho, was brought to Egypt by Cleopatra, and planted at Ain-Shemesh, in a garden which all the old travellers, Arab and Christian, mention with deep interest.. Assuming that the tsori was a plant product, several plants have been proposed as its source. In Jeremiah 8:22, I quote: “Is there no balm in Gilead; is there no physician there? 43a). It is a merchandise in Gen. 37:28 and Ez. in Jer. Balm of Gilead is a wonderful ancient salve that has a myriad of uses. Much inferior to this is the resin pressed from the seeds, the rind, and even from the stems (see Theophrastus, Hist. Go foraging for some Balm of Gilead! Many strains of this species are found, some in Somalia and Yemen. This process takes about 4 weeks. From slight incisions made very cautiously into the rind (Josephus, Ant. Why then is not the health of the daughter of my people recovered?”. Stir gently, then add a touch of Vitamin E oil as a preservative. If desired, you can add a few drops of essential oil of your choice for even more effective relief, although, this healing salve is wonderful on its own! , According to Josephus, the Queen of Sheba brought "the root of the balsam" as a present to King Solomon (Ant. The word is probably Semitic. , Forskal found the plant occurring between Mecca and Medina. Balm of Gilead tincture is often preferred for Laryngitis, Painful Throat and Bronchitis. , In the era of Galen, who flourished in the second century, and travelled to Palestine and Syria purposely to obtain a knowledge of this substance, it grew in Jericho and many other parts of the Holy Land.  The similar word tsori (צֹרִי) denotes the adjective "Tyrean", i. e. from the Phoenician city of Tyre. Essential Oils. According to a Coptic tradition known also by the Muslims, it was in the spring of Ayn Shams that Mary, the mother of Jesus, washed the swaddling clothes of the latter on her way back to Palestine after her flight to Egypt. That is considered to be the best quality which trickles before the appearance of the fruit. The tree or shrub producing the balm is commonly identified as Commiphora gileadensis. Instructions. The leaves are used for Cuts, Wounds, and Burns. A generic definition is that it is an aromatic salve or ointment derived from a plant (or a tree) that may (though not always) be used for its believed medicinal properties. , There is little reason to doubt that the plants of the Jericho balsam gardens were stocked with Amyris gileadensis L., or Amyris opobalsamum, which was found by Bruce in Abyssinia, the fragrant resin of which is known in commerce as the "balsam of Mecca".